Fine lines and wrinkles are inevitable as we age. As we grow older, our skin becomes thinner and less water is present in the epidermis. Our natural collagen in the skin is decreased and of a poorer quality, making the skin less elastic. Sadly, the ageing process starts to begin in the skin at about the age of 30 years old. Lines and wrinkles can be divided into two categories, either static or dynamic.
What are lines & wrinkles?
Static lines, as the name implies, are present all the time and are a result of loss of skin tone, gravity, heavier dehydrated skin, slippage of our natural facial fat pads and ageing. The first place that static lines tend to appear are from the nose to the corner of the mouth (nasolabial folds) and below the corners of the mouth (marionette lines), although in time, they can appear across the whole face. There are many ways to improve these lines including surgery, thread lifts and dermal fillers for deeper lines and Platelet Rich Plasma, Carboxytherapy, Dermaroller/Dermapen, Microdermabrasion, skin peels and cosmeceuticals for finer lines.
Dynamic lines occur as a result of constant muscle action on the skin and most typically occur around the eyes (crow’s feet or periorbital rhytids), as frown lines between the eyebrows or as horizontal forehead lines. Similar to folding and unfolding a piece of paper, creases will eventually appear as the collagen in the skin is broken down and the skin put under more and more tension. The obvious solution to this problem is to prevent the cause and relax the muscles that are responsible. This is easily achieved by careful injection of botulinum protein, a safe and painless procedure that has been around since the late 1980s and revolutionised the cosmetic industry.
Ideally fine lines and wrinkles are treated when they first start to appear and a healthy lifestyle and the use of a broad spectrum high factor sunscreen will help keep them at bay. When they do start to appear, skin rejuvenation therapies will help to eradicate them and have a positive impact on the skin in general. Rejuvenation can be achieved using products such as Obagi (A prescription only skin care range) or stimulation of the skin with techniques such as Platelet Rich Plasma, Dermaroller/Dermapen, Skin Peels, Microdermabrasion, IPL Photorejuvenation or Carboxytherapy.